Bolognese kennel (FCI)
Stages of bolognese puppy development
Birth to 3 weeks
The first 20 days of a pups life, it is not capable of much learning. The mental capacity is about zero. The pup will react when it is in need of food, sleep, warmth and its mother. During the first 3 weeks it is VERY important to look after the mother well. She will in turn, look after the puppies. Once or twice a day the puppies should be weighed. The first 3 weeks must be to in a warm. Pups remain contently in their birth box for the first 20 days of their life.
3 to 4 weeks
The 21st day, no matter what the breed, this is the time when the dormant senses wake up. From day 21 to 28 puppies need of their mom more than any other time as their brains and nervous systems begin to develop and they become aware of their surroundings. As mom jumps out of the box, they suddenly watch her wondering where she went. Pups may start climbing out of the birth box at this age, so it is time to expand their home. At this stage we add a small potty area beside the birth box. If a puppy were to loose his mom at this stage it would greatly affect his emotional wellbeing. Emotional growth is just blossoming as the puppy realizes it is alive. It is also at this age that characteristics can develop like shyness and fear. Any negative characteristics that develop at this stage in life are often permanent personality traits.
4 to 7 weeks
From day 29 to 49 puppies will venture away from the birth box sleeping area. They will not go far, but they will begin to explore. At this time we expand their area to add a play and eating area in the daytime. This is the time to move them out to the kitchen and family room area, where life is happening in the home. During this time, a puppy will learn to respond to voices, sounds and recognize different people. The puppies in their group will establish a 'pecking order', some will want to lead and some will want to follow. The dominant ones will eat first and the omega ones will wait.
This is an important stage to watch to learn the temperaments of each puppy and should be used for placing puppies into the proper homes. Some scientific studies prove that if there is a bully in a litter that is making others cower and be shy, it can set in traits that are very hard to turn around, but it is also important to leave puppies in a social group long enough to be adventurous and for the puppy to acquire some social competitive skills.
A puppy should never be allowed to get too pushy. While shyer puppies have to learn to handle themselves in social groups, a dominant puppy needs to learn it is not acceptable to be a bully. Different breeds need to be separated at different ages. Often if the bully is adopted out first the remaining puppies will loose some of their shyness. By 7 weeks, a pup is considered emotionally developed and ready to learn, but the pup does not possess an adult brain yet.
7 to 12 weeks
From day 50 on the pup is operating to a capacity where it is ready for life away from his littermates. What a puppy learns now will be retained and become part of who the dog becomes and his personality. Most mothers stop caring for their pups by 7 weeks, as they have teeth and she pushes them away. They need their new owner to take over the role and it is important that the humans understand natural dog behavior in order to fulfill the puppies instincts and needs.
When a puppy stays with his litter after 8 to 9 weeks of age without adequate human contact it doesn't adjust as well to a human social life. The optimum time to take a new puppy is from 8 to 9 weeks of age. It is always best to have a pup do his learning from his new owner and in his new home. Puppies are often adopted out at 8, 9, 10 or 11 weeks. Older puppies can do just fine if the breeder has spent a lot of time socializing them away from their littermates. Ideally 9 weeks seems to be the perfect age for most breeds to go to new homes. What the dog learns from 8 to 12 weeks will be with him forever. At this time the puppy must be introduced to other people and go for walks on the pavement (street) avoiding dirt or grass.
Taking a puppy
Puppies are slowly becoming independent and are ready to integrate into a new pack of dogs. The day is coming when go puppies into the world. Breeding Regulations says that a puppy can be taken from 50 days of age. It is a minimum age limit. A wise breeder think about ripeness puppy. In addition to mental and physical mature, should be considered even above health issues. This includes sufficient distance from vaccination.
The breeder decided ideal for taking puppies term in terms of development and agreed on a specific day and hour. Good breeder should provide the breeding service, it is advise for new owners on puppy care, upbringing, health and so on.
Contact - Julie Kozlová, Horní Domaslavice, mobil: 00420 732 559 693, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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Bolognese kennel © Maty Ve Maria 2011